Chameleons are primarily found in Africa and Madagascar, and other tropical regions, although some types are also found in parts of southern Europe, the Middle East, southern India, Sri Lanka and several islands in the western Indian Ocean. There are introduced, feral populations of veiled and Jackson’s chameleons in Hawaii and isolated pockets of feral Jackson’s chameleons have been reported in California and Florida.The Chameleon’s main predators are snakes and somtimes hawks (If they can see them).
Chameleons inhabit all kinds of tropical and mountain rain forests, savannas and sometimes semi-deserts and steppes. They are mostly arboreal and are often found in trees or occasionally on smaller bushes. Some smaller species live on the ground under foliage.